Standard thinking always partners deck of cards with sin. Even when there is no official ban on gaming and deck of cards is regarded as a sin. This may be the opinion not merely of those strict moralists such as religious personages. But, regardless the frequent belief, deck of cards played an important role in culture and original of all in Education. Let’s look at the truth.
The deck of cards have been employed for educational functions virtually from the moment of their occurrence in Europe. The cards were used at the course of history and geography, logic and law, Latin and grammar, astronomy, arts and mathematics, heraldry and military approaches. HAPPYLUKE are classical types of the socalled secondary target usage of cards carefully researched by pros.
Murner was so successful in Didactics, that he was accused of witchcraft hardly avoid to be in stake. However, his defence posed at the court the evidence of harmlessness of these techniques employed by the Franciscan. In addition they established that these procedures were based on the renowned in the Middle Ages mnemonic methods – memorizing with the assistance of the images so that whilst the modern teachers would telephone them”reference signs”.
In 1502 he composed to Geiler von Kaisersberg his contribution into the instruction of this code was the most crucial. In the other letter to your Strasbourg lawyer, Thomas Wolf, he says:”I confessthat for Kaisersberg ministry, as far as my feeble abilities permit, I issued a card game for a commentary and in this manner I have been able to facilitate memorizing the text of Code of Justinian using the visual images… Inside my intention to implant the love of reading I aspired to restore boring and dumb game by the exciting and intriguing and I’d be happy when I succeeded in substituting the evil with the good”.
Probably the methodology devised by Murner seemed amazingly efficient to his European teachers if they voluntarily applied it to teach the monarchs, for example Louis XIV. It’s known that the ArchBishop of Paris Jardin p Perete, that was teaching the dauphin, used training cards; the engravings for them were done with the greatest engraver ever – Stefano della Bella. When Louis XIV had been six years old he had four types of cards:”kings of France”,”Famous Kingdoms”,”Geography” and”Metamorphoses”. The near The Sun King (in French Le Roi Soleil) in his early youth learnt who was simply Karl the Great, the states of the world and what fairy tales Lucius Apuleius and Publius Ovidius wrote. He learnt it and memorized it only due to the deck of cards.
Should take into account thoroughly the educational role of the cards, we can’t do that with Chinese and Japanese cards back in XIth century. By that time there has been formed an absolute sort of cards which is a continuation of XVIII-XIX century cards. The image in the face side comprises two parts: over the top there’s really a”cherry picking” from a drama; at the bottom there’s an image of the various scene from the drama. Toasts were written on the titles :”provide two glasses into the scholarly guest” or”let people sitting near each other drink for another’s health” or”cure the person with a newly born boy with the largest glass of wine”.